’60s Scoop deal to compensate victims, fund reconciliation foundation
Surrounded by Chief Marcia Brown Martel and Sixties Scoop survivors, Crown-Indigenous Relations and Rorthern Affairs Minister Carolyn Bennett responds to a question during a news conference on Parliament Hill, in Ottawa on Friday, October 6, 2017. Bennett announced a compensation package for indigenous victims of the sixties scoop. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Adrian Wyld
OTTAWA — Survivors of a period in the 1960s that saw Indigenous children taken from their homes and placed with non-Indigenous families hope an agreement in principle with the federal government will put a stop to Aboriginal children being separated from their language, culture and identity.
Beaverhouse First Nation Chief Marcia Brown Martel, who was herself placed in the foster system as a child only to suffer emotional, physical and sexual abuse, said she has “great hope” now that a deal has been reached including $750 million in compensation for victims.
At 54, she said she’s still working to heal from childhood trauma.
“People ask me ’How did you survive?”’ she said. “I don’t know ... I could not bring myself to addiction because I was suicidal. I knew that if I ever drank, if I ever did drugs, that I would kill myself.”
In February, the Ontario Superior Court found the government liable for the harm caused by what is known as the ’60s Scoop. Brown Martel was the representative plaintiff.
“I have great hope that because we’ve reached this plateau that this again will never, ever happen in Canada again,” Brown Martel said Friday as she stood beside Crown-Indigenous Affairs Minister Carolyn Bennett on Parliament Hill for the announcement of the settlement deal.
At the same time, she warned, Indigenous children are still subject to the “millennium scoop.”
“Children are still within the child welfare system,” she said.
“They call it ’in care’ but it adds a risk factor for them. Therefore, one must stop using that term ... they’re not in care. They’re away from their communities ... our children need to come home.”
Bennett fought back tears Friday as she announced details of the deal with Brown Martel and other survivors — a package that also includes up to $50 million for a foundation for healing and reconciliation.
“With the healing foundation, I think it is a start to where us as plaintiffs can go and attack the addiction problem with a different perspective,” said Stewart Garnett, who was taken from Winnipeg, Man., as a baby and placed in California.
“The loss of culture, the loss of language, it has dragged with me my whole life.”
The federal government has also earmarked $75 million for legal fees. The compensation money will go to individuals classified as status Indians and Inuit.
The ’60s Scoop was a dark and painful chapter in Canada’s history, Bennett said.
“Their stories are heartbreaking,” Bennett said. “They talked of their identity being stolen. They talked about not really feeling that you belong anywhere because people have been moved so often or that they didn’t really have a home.”
Too many Indigenous children are still being taken from their families, she added, insisting Ottawa must change the current design of the system to ensure funding goes toward children, family and communities rather than lawyers, agencies and non-Indigenous foster families.
“We want that overhaul to happen so that we a system of the rights and well-being of Indigenous children and youth to be raised in their language and culture and not have this harm done that was done to these courageous people,” she said.
The agreement is a “first step” in resolving ’60s Scoop litigation, Bennett added, noting the federal government is committed to working with other Indigenous Peoples affected.
The provinces and territories are also working on resolving remaining litigation, she said, adding individual compensation will be determined among legal counsel.
Anna Betty Achneepineskum, deputy grand chief Nishnawbe Aski Nation — an umbrella organization representing 49 communities in northern Ontario — said Friday she is pleased to see the government has “finally been held accountable” for the devastating legacy of the ’60s Scoop.
“Nothing can compensate for their lost childhood and connection to their culture, but we pray this settlement will help the plaintiffs and all Canadians on the journey towards healing and reconciliation,” she said in a statement.
The agreement in principle announced by the government is less than the $1.3 billion Brown Martel sought for victims of the Ontario Scoop, in which at-risk, on-reserve Indigenous children were placed in non-Aboriginal homes from 1965 to 1984 under terms of a federal-provincial agreement.
In a class action started in 2009, Brown Martel maintained the government had been negligent in protecting her and about 16,000 other on-reserve children from the lasting harm suffered from being alienated from their heritage.
Jeffery Wilson, one of her lawyers, said previously the class action was the first anywhere to recognize the importance of a person’s cultural heritage and the individual harm caused when it is lost.
— with files from Colin Perkel